Nursing education research has often focused on traditional educating techniques such as classroom setting studying, a behaviorism-based educating method depending on passive studying. More efficient student-centric studying techniques are now being utilized to motivate efficient school student contribution and creativity. One of these techniques is peer learning, in which colleagues understand from one another, including efficient school student contribution and where the school student takes liability for their studying. Despite being used for many years, one of the limitations to progression of peer learning is a lack of reliability in its definition. It is known by different exchangeable headings such as “cooperative studying,” “mentoring,” “peer review studying,” “peer training,” “peer guidance,” “problem-based studying,” and “team studying.”
Peer learning has been used in education and learning to deal with critical thinking, psychomotor abilities, intellectual development, Nursing skills, and educational benefits. One type of peer studying is problem-based studying or PBL which is recognized by learners studying from each other and from individually procured information. It is school student based, utilizing team work with the study of case research as a means of studying. On the other hand, “peer tutoring” includes individuals from similar settings helping others to understand which may occur one-on-one or as small number of groups. In nursing, high student numbers increase demands, whilst different and impressive educating techniques are beneficial with peer learning, offering a strategy that may be beneficial.
The Oxford Thesaurus describes a “peer” as someone of the same age or someone who was attending the same school. The term “peer” can also refer to people who have equivalent abilities or a common function of experiences. Both these explanations suit the concept of peer studying described. PBL was revealed to be efficient, particularly in the theoretical studying component to train and study, whilst peer tutoring, peer coaching, peer guidance, and the use of role play as a form of peer studying were all efficient, both in medical and theoretical aspects of nursing education and learning.